Fiano is a white wine grape varietal that is grown mainly in the Campania wine region of southern Italy - along with Puglia and on the island of Sicily. In Campania this grape is higher respected around the town of Avellino where a D.O.C.G wine Fiano di Avellino is produced. The grape has a long history in the Campania region and is thought to have been the grape used in the ancient Roman wine Apianum. The name Apianum is still permitted today to appear on some wine labels of D.O.C.G wines.
In Australia, a few wine producers have begun to use the grape. Planted vineyards and production is currently small, but one place showing good results is in the McLaren Vale wine region of South Australia.

 

Also recently, some winemakers in Argentina are producing Fiano in the La Rioja wine district north of Mendoza. Ampelographers and wine historians have linked Fiano with southern Italy, and believe it has origins in ancient Roman viticulture and perhaps may have even been cultivated by the ancient Greeks. Fiano is a small, thick-skinned berry that typically produces very little juice - and given the vines natural tendency for low yields, can make Fiano a difficult varietal to grow.
In recent years, the varietal has enjoyed a lift in plantings - (with around 1400 hectares in 2016) - as southern Italian wineries invest in modernized winemaking equipment and techniques, as well as a desire to revitalize old indigenous grape varietals.
For the Fiano di Avellino DOCG, at least 85% of the wine must be made from Fiano with Greco, Coda di Volpe and Trebbiano allowed in the blend. Grapes destined for this DOCG wine must be limited to a maximum harvest yield of 10 tonnes per hectare and fermented to a minimum alcohol level of 11.5% Alc.
When just bottled Fiano is invitingly aromatic with floral and honey notes that over time these develop spicy and hazelnut characters that lead into vibrant flavours. The introduction of modern winemaking and an emphasis on limiting oxidation and retaining varietal freshness, have improved the overall quality of Fiano wines - enjoy.