The Muscat Family of grapes is vast and widely grown for wine, raisins and table grapes. The grape ranges in colour from white to near black, with the wines made - typically having an attractively sweet floral aroma which carries onto the palate and finish.
Muscat grapes are grown all around the world - with a great many theories about the origins of Muscat - research suggests ancestors of the varietal have connections with ancient Egypt and Persia around 3000-1000 BC
The shear variety and number of Muscat clones (around 200) suggest that it is perhaps the oldest domesticated grape varietal, and it is believed that most families within the Vitis vinifera grape family are descended from the Muscat family.

 

The main varietals of Muscat:
Muscat Blanc a Petits Grains: This grape is used for the wines; Clairette de Die, and also Muscat de Beaumes-de-Venise. It is also used for some Tokaji wines in Hungary.
Muscat of Alexandria: This grape is used for the production of Sherry, also Moscatel or Muscatel wines.
In Italy, it is widely used in the production of sweeter style sparkling wines like Asti. The sweet 'green-grape' quality makes many wines made from Muscat easy to identify. Moscato d'Asti is a lightly sparkling (frizzante) variety of Muscat, made from the Moscato Bianco grape of the Piedmont wine region in northern Italy.
Muscat grapes are used to make a variety of sweet dessert wines in various parts of the world. Typically, these are fortified wines, though some sweet 'Late Harvest' and 'Botrytis' (noble rot) wines are also made from Muscat.
France produces a number of sweet fortified 'vins doux naturels' from Muscat grapes, such as the renowned Muscat de Beaumes-de-Venise.
In Alsace, Muscat is primarily a lighter style white wine, but can also be made in sweeter styles (Vendange Tardive and Selection de Grains Nobles).
Muscat wine is also the basis for Pisco, a Brandy-like drink made in Peru and Chile, and also found in Metaxa, another Brandy-like drink made in Greece.
Muscat grapes have been found to have high concentrations of antioxidant flavonoids, in quantities as high as many varietals of red grapes - enjoy the journey.