The Maremma wine region is located in the south of the Tuscany region in Italy. Maremma is extremely different to northern Tuscany wine regions, such as Chianti Classico which has extremely well developed tourism and cellars open to the public. Maremma on the other hand, is far more exclusive. With very few cellars open - so noticeably less visited by tourists. Maremma is for serious wine lovers, but no less an attractive region.
Maremma is often referred to as the 'Wild West', both in terms of its landscape and its winemaking. While in northern Tuscany, the Etruscans were making wine thousands of years before. Maremma used to be a wild, swampy remote area and viticulture was only introduced to the region in the 19th century.

 

It was not until the late 1970's that wine enthusiasts outside Italy had even heard of Maremma wines. The principal wine villages in the Maremma are Bolgheri, Castagneto Carducci, and Suvereto. Grapes used include: Sangiovese, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Chardonnay, Vermentino, Cabernet Franc, Alicante and Aleatico. Soils vary from loam and clay in some areas; clay and sand with plenty of limestone, and variably sized stones.

Alta Maremma (Upper Maremma) is on the border with the Province Siena. The heart of Maremma - Grosseto can be considered the capital of the Maremma. The area around Grosseto and the coast, with Marina di Grosseto, Castiglione della Pescaia and the small villages that lie on the plain between the city and the coast, represents the heart of Maremma. The hills of the Upper Maremma can be divided into three: Del Tufo (tufo is a volcanic rock that has been used for thousands of years in construction), the Colline Metallifere (literally, 'the hills that produce metals') and the internal hills on the border with the Siena region.
Maremma has its own DOP designation 'Maremma Toscana'. Plus Maremma is now home to one Tuscany's newest DOCG, Morellino di Scansano, which was upgraded from DOC status during the 2007 vintage, and are made from at least 85% Sangiovese.
If you ever find yourself travelling through this part of Italy - please do stop, the people, and their wines will not disappoint - enjoy.