The Maipo Valley is referred to as the birthplace of Chile’s wine production, and is the closest wine region to the capital city of Santiago. It is arguably the best known wine region of Chile, producing some of the countries finest wines. The Maipo Valley has an important viticultural history - as in 1555, the first wine production of Chile was officially certificated; between 1851 - 1994 saw the introduction of key French grape varietals; and then the incredible rediscovery of the long lost / mistaken Carmenére grape varietal - finally recorded in 1998.
From Santiago - vineyards stretch east to the Andes Mountains and west to the coast to form 3 distinct wine area of the Maipo Valley best known for its well-balanced red wines. Alto Maipo reaches into the foothills and produces some of Chile’s leading Cabernet wines.

 

The Central Maipo area is one of the country’s oldest and most diverse wine producing regions. Then there is the Coastal Maipo wine region - benefits from the cool maritime influences that glide over and between the coastal mountains.
The climate in the Maipo Valley is stable with hot dry summers and short mild winters with 450mm of rain and extreme diurnal temperature differences. 10,000 hectares are planted with 8,000 ha of red varietals, such as Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Carmenére, Syrah, Cabernet Franc and Malbec; with the remaining 2,000ha are planted in traditional white varieties, such as Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc and Semillon.
Most of the country´s oldest wineries are based in the Maipo Valley, expanding more and more to other wine regions. Being drier and warmer than many new wine regions, Maipo is more suited to red grape varietals and is firmly established as a producer of world-class Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot. Chardonnay is also widely grown in the region, and plantings of Carmenére, Chile's 'icon' varietal, are increasing each year.
Controlled irrigation gives viticulturalists a response to the lengthy dry periods, and the introduction of new technologies like temperature controlled stainless steel tanks and new oak barrels allow controlled fermentation and quality wine production.