The Swiss province of Geneva lies in a picturesque valley between Jura and the Alps. Almost surrounded by France, one of the smallest provinces, and one of Switzerland's most important wine regions. As of 2016, the 1350 hectares of vineyards in Geneva is Switzerland's 3rd largest wine region, accounting for about 9% of national production. Wine production has gone on uninterrupted here around Lake Geneva and the city for almost 2000 years - producing between 8-12 million litres of wine annually.
In Geneva there are approximately 150 wine producers in the province producing a range of high-quality wines from 50 classic grape varietals like Chasselas the prince of wines: featuring a diversity of soils, climate and site orientation.

 

The vineyards of Lake Geneva surely presents a greatest variety of terroir. Often going under the alias ‘Perlan’, the Chasselas varietal is the principal white grape of Geneva, accounting for over half of the white wine production. However Geneva does well internationally with the more well-known wines: Chardonnay, Pinot Gris, Pinot Blanc, Riesling Silvaner (Müller Thurgau), Sauvignon Blanc, Gewürztraminer, Scheurebe and Aligoté.
As for the red wine grapes in the Geneva wine region, Gamay does particularly well in this area resulting in a dense, fruity wine. In Geneva you will also find Pinot Noir, Cabernet Sauvignon, Gamaret, Garanoir, Kerner, Merlot and Syrah. Gamay, the second most important varietal, contains the fruity notes of its native Beaujolais. Pinot Noir yields strong, medium-bodied wines with finesse. Behind this main group follows a small percentage of specialty varietals that are specific to the Lake Geneva region, such as Mondeuse, Plant Robert and Servagnin.
The Lake Geneva Region counts 28 appellations distributed over six AOP's, each of which has its own topographical and climatological specificity. Lavaux is considered a site of universal value and is now listed as part of the UNESCO World Heritage Programme since 2007. The impressive slopes of the Lavaux terraced vineyards located between Lausanne and Chillon Castle and above Vevey and Montreux. Lavaux vineyards represent approximately 22% of the total winegrowing area. Lavaux’s steep terrace slopes that run all the way down to Lake Geneva, cover an area of 830 hectares between Lausanne and Montreux. These sites enjoy a Mediterranean climate, warm temperatures and the reflection of light off the lake.
Other key wine areas include: Bonvillars, Calamin Grand Cru, Chablais, Côtes de l'Orbe, La Côte vineyards with 810ha, representing 53% of the total winegrowing area, Dézaley Grand Cru - which has the steepest vineyards (100% slopes) and finally the area of Vully.
The areas favourable climate, optimum soil conditions and an effective diffusion of grape varietals, Geneva's wine region produces a number of distinguished wines - currently 56% red and 44% white wines.