The French AOC Wine Classification System had been under serious review since early 2006, with a new system introduced in 2012. The new system consists of 3 categories rather than the previous 4, as there is no category corresponding to VDQS since 2012.
The New Categories:
Vin de France: a table wine category basically replacing 'Vin de Table', but allowing grape varietal and vintage to be indicated on the label. Vignobles de France, which means 'Wines from France'. This designation incorporates all wines that do not fall into the other two categories and has no geographical indication at all. As wines can be blended from any specific area.


Indication Géographique Protégée (IGP): an intermediate category basically replacing 'Vin de Pays'. Wine with a Protected Geographical Indication - Wines will be made from: A specific region, selected grapes, limited yields, minimum and maximum alcohol content. While 'terroir' still plays a key role with this designation, its central role has declined, due to reduced requirements.

Appellation d'Origine Protégée (AOP): the highest category basically replacing AOC wines. Wine with a Protected Appellation of Origin. All of the stringent AOC requirements remain in place. The singular focus on 'terroir' continues to be at the core of this designation.
The largest changes will be in the 'Vin de France' category, and to VDQS wines, which either need to qualify as AOP wines or be downgraded to an IGP category. For the previous AOC wines, the move to AOP will only mean minor changes to the details of the wine label, while the actual names of the appellations themselves will remain unchanged.
While no new wines will be marketed under the old designations from 2012, wine bottles already in the market place, will not be required to be re-labeled.

The new AOP system has been adopted by all EU member countries over the past few years. For example; the Italian 'Denominazione di Origine Controllata' (DOC) classification has become the 'Denominazione di Origine Protettivo' (DOP) in recent years.