Austria is home to many interesting wines made from varietals unique to the country. Grüner Veltliner (pronunciation like GROO-ner and Veltliner is as it appears, VEHLT-ly-ner). Often called Grüner, Gru-Ve or simply GV, it is Austria's most planted varietal, accounting for over one-third of vineyard plantings. It is also grown in the Czech Republic, Hungary, and small plantings can be found in several new world wine regions.
Some sources say that Grüner Veltliner dates back to Roman times, but the name only appeared in the mid-19th century. Before that time it was known as Grüner Muskateller, and was not an exceptional wine until skilful viticulture post-World War II learnt how to get the most from the grape.

 

Grüner means or translates to 'green' from the German language. The wine is also called Green Veltliner, acknowledging the deep green-coloured grapes that ripen in mid-late October. Recent DNA analysis, has identified the garpe varietal Traminer is one of its parents. The other was later found to be an originally unnamed varietal of which only a single, abandoned, very old and weakened vine was found in St. Georgen outside Eisenstadt in Austria, it is referred to as St. Georgener-Rebe.
Grüner's most impressive talent is the ability to express the soil in which it is grown, through minerality in the wine. Grüner ideally makes wines that are typically dry and medium to full-bodied. While certain styles of Grüner (e.g. oak maturation) can be aged, generally it is intended to be enjoyed young.
In Austria you can find Grüner Sparkling - Sekt, Austria's national bubbles. Young Grüner - 'Heurige', or new wine, is Austria's answer to Beaujolais Nouveau - though on a slightly earlier release date November 11, St. Martin's Day. Austria's wine standards are so exacting, high quality Heurige is not hard to find.
Grüner is a great food wine that can be enjoyed with poultry and pork as well as seafood and other dishes traditionally enjoyed with white wine. Grüner Veltliner can also make fantastic late harvest styles, or Beerenauslese - enjoy.