The Orvieto wine region is situated in the Umbria and Lazio areas of central Italy - with vineyards planted around the town of Orvieto. International renowned for its white wines crafted from a blend of predominantly Grechetto and Trebbiano. These wines are labeled under the DOP Orvieto and Orvieto Classico. Blended red wines and 8 varietal red wines are sold under the Rosso Orvietano DOP.
Viticulture was introduced to the region by the early Etruscans, who carved out cellar-like caves from volcanic soil. In these caves they produced wines from long, cool fermentation and created a type of sweet wine that was popular at the time, made with the noble rot (Botrytis) described by the poet Gabriele d'Annunzio as "the sun of Italy in a bottle".

 

Today - white Orvieto wines are dry, off-dry and a semi-sweet style, known as Orvieto Abboccato, and dolce (sweet), are also produced in small quantities.
White Orvieto is composed primarily of Grechetto and Trebbiano and a blend of Malvasia, Drupeggio, Verdello and Canaiolo Bianco grapes. Grechetto is valued for its fruitiness and weight that it brings to a wine; some of the most highly rated examples of Orvieto have a high concentration of Grechetto.
Orvieto became a papal stronghold and one of the richest cities in Italy. As Orvieto wine became famous, the wine was renamed 'the Pope's wine'. When the Orvieto cathedral was built it was used to pay the workers. Luca Signorelli, the Italian Renaissance painter who painted the frescoes of the 'Last Judgment' in the Cathedral of Orvieto, he asked to the paid with 1000 litres of Orvieto wine every year.
Today there are 4 classifications of Orvieto DOP wines:
• Orvieto DOP 
• Orvieto Classico DOP: produced in the ancient area.
• Orvieto Superiore DOP: low-yield, of superior quality in respect of Orvieto DOP.
• Orvieto Classico Superiore DOP: ancient wine area, low-yields, top-quality Orvieto.